Wild fur represents about 15-20% of the world’s trade in fur. Most of the world’s wild furs come from Canada, Russia and USA. The majority of wild species used by the fur trade are not taken specifically for their fur and food but as part of wildlife management program, regulated by governments under the advice and supervision of wildlife biologists. These are mainly related to the number control of animal in wild, public safety (predict flooding & protect natural habitat or other property), for environmental & wildlife monitoring, and disease control.
To ensure that hunting and trapping methods meet the highest welfare standards, the European Union (EU) has agreed to two humane trapping agreements. The Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS) was signed between the EU and Canada in 1997 and between the EU and Russia in 1998; a separate agreement was reached between the EU and United States due to US regulatory requirements. Both Agreements incorporate the same standards. Under the Agreement, traps used for the species listed are evaluated using the ISO testing standards and must subsequently be certified as meeting the AIHTS welfare requirements if they are to be used in those countries. Moreover, the AIHTS sets out welfare thresholds for trap performance requirements for wild animal species that are captured for various reasons in those countries. The Agreement is created primarily to ensure that animal welfare priorities are addressed in a practical way when animals are taken for food, fur or wildlife management programs.